Medication Acyclovir is indicated for the treatment of viral infections. Acyclovir is prescribed to cope with the symptoms of varicella-zoster (shingles), genital herpes, and chickenpox.
The medication is produced in forms of tablets, capsules, oral suspension, and buccal tablets for oral use. All the forms should be used by oral route, buccal tablets should be placed between gums and a cheek.
Acyclovir can be also applied topically in the form of cream or ointment if there is a special need for it and there is a prescription of a doctor.
The medication Acyclovir can be used as a single therapy. It can be used in different forms, for instance in the form of a pill and cream for the treatment of a particular disorder. This medication can be also used in combination with other medicines.
A patient who takes Acyclovir should know that this medicine cannot completely cure the viral infection. It can only stop its growth and spread in the body. Besides, this medicine also helps the immune system fight the virus.
Herpes infections cannot be fully eliminated from the human body. They remain even after the treatment and can occur later in life.
The drugs class to which Acyclovir belongs is called antivirals. There are some other medicines from this drug class which can be adjusted for use with Acyclovir.
The effects of Acyclovir on the herpes viruses allow reducing the potential of the virus to grow and multiply. Thus, Acyclovir assists in coping with the symptoms of infection.
Typically the age, the condition being treated, severity of herpes infection, other medical conditions not related to herpes can influence the form of the medicine and the dose chosen for the treatment.
Individual response to the treatment, hypersensitivity reactions to Acyclovir can be the reasons to alter the dose of the medicine.
The tablets of Acyclovir contain either 400 mg or 800 mg of the main component. Tablet form is recommended for use in adult patients who have no problems with swallowing of the tablets.
Shingles condition in adults over 18 years of age is treated with the dose of 800 mg tablets taken every 4 hours, 5 times a day. The duration of the treatment lasts for 7-10 days.
Genital herpes treatment involves using Acyclovir in the dose of 200 mg every 4 hours, 5 times a day during 10 days.
The prevention of genital herpes involves using Acyclovir in the dose of 400 mg two times a day during the period of up to 1 year.
The treatment of chickenpox in adult patients demands taking 800 mg four times per day for 5 days. It is advisable to start the treatment as soon as the first symptoms of chickenpox appear.
Children’s dose of Acyclovir is adjusted by a caring doctor. It should not exceed the max recommended daily dose for children. Younger children (age from 0-1) should not be treated with Acyclovir. There is no evidence of safety of this medicine in this category of patients.
Medical advice of a doctor or pharmacist is always needed before you start taking Acyclovir.